The original post is here ->ゴールデンウィークとは？由来も調べてみた
This is an English translated version. If you are studying Japanese, then I strongly suggest you read the original Japanese post as well!
What is Golden Week?
In Japan, from the end of April to the beginning of May, there is a collection of national holidays.
This period is called the Golden Week.
So which holidays does it include?
・April 29th: Showa Day
This is the Showa Emperor's birthday.
It was originally called the "Emperor's Birthday", then changed to "Greenery Day", then to "Showa Day" as it is now.
・May 3rd: Constitution Memorial Day
This is the day to commemorate the enforcement of the Constitution of Japan.
・May 4th: Greenery Day
This is the day to commune with and appreciate nature.
In 2007, Greenery Day was moved to May 4th as April 29th, which was called Greenery Day, became Showa Day.
・May 5th: Children's Day
This is the day to value children's character and wish for their happiness as well as to be thankful to moms.
It's not only for children, this day is also for mothers as well!
When you look at it like this, Golden Week doesn't consist as much holidays as the name suggests (it's not even a week; just four days!).
However, depending on the year when the weekends are on the right days, it can become a 9day weekend or even a ten day weekend!
The Origin of Golden Week
How did this period become called the Golden Week?
It is said that it came from the film industry.
In 1951, a movie called "Jiyugakko" (自由学校：if you literally translate it, it would mean "The Free School") that was run during the period of current Golden Week was a great success than the New Year period of the Obon period (These two times are when many people have holidays).
On this occasion, the term "Golden Week" was coined to promote more people to watch movies.
In the beginning it was called "Ogon Shukan"（黄金週間：literally means golden week), but the name was changed as it lacks impact.
The term came from "Golden Time", which at that time was the term used for the most popular time slot for radios. (We also use it now for TV's golden time)
Why Does NHK Say "Oogata Renkyu"?
＊NHK is Japan's national public broadcasting organization.
NHK does not use the word "Golden Week" but instead uses the word "Oogata Renkyu" (大型連休：Long Holiday).
This is because "Golden Week" was originally a word from the film industry.
Since it is a word coined to promote movies, if public broadcasting NHK uses this word, it sounds like it is advertising movies, thus being one-sided.
In addition to this, not everyone has a holiday during Golden Week.
There are many people who are working.
The term Golden Week is not fair for those people as well.
It was surprising that Golden Week was a word that came from the film industry.
Is it only me who feels that it doesn't feel like you get a proper rest since it's crowded everywhere during this time?ε-(´･ε･̥ˋ๑)
What are your plans for this year's Golden Week?
Those who are working, otsukaresamadesu<(_ _*)>
*Thanks for reading! If you didn’t understand anything or if some parts are difficult to understand, grammatically wrong, please feel free to comment below:) Would help a lot!